An Owl Trio

Here are a few from last year’s archives.

Great Grey Owl, Sax-Zim Bog, MN.
Camera settings: f/5.6, 1/200 sec., ISO-4000, 1120 mm focal length equivalent.

First up is the Great Grey Owl that Miguel, Dave and I found on our trip to northern Minnesota in late December, 2019.

Great Grey Owl, Sax-Zim Bog, MN. Camera settings: f/5.6, 1/125 sec., ISO-1250, 1120 mm focal length equivalent.
Great Grey Owl, Sax-Zim Bog, MN. Camera settings: f/4, 1/200 sec., ISO-800, 800 mm focal length equivalent.
Northern Hawk Owl, Sax-Zim Bog, MN.
Camera settings: f/10, 1/640 sec., ISO-320, 1600 mm focal length equivalent.

Next is the Northern Hawk Owl photographed on the same trip. We really enjoyed watching these guys as they hunted in broad daylight from their high perches. You never knew when they would take off in a powered flight after a prey.

Northern Hawk Owl, Sax-Zim Bog, MN.
Camera settings: f/5.6, 1/250 sec., ISO-640, 1120 mm focal length equivalent.
Eastern Screech Owl, Grafton IL. Camera settings: f/5.6, 1/200 sec., ISO-1600, 1120 mm focal length equivalent.

Last of all is this gorgeous red-phase Eastern Screech Owl. Whether it is the same owl, or multiple birds using the same hole in this tree, this species has been observed using this cavity for at least the past three winter seasons at the Visitor’s Center in Grafton, IL.

Eastern Screech Owl, Grafton IL. Camera settings: f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-1250, 1120 mm focal length equivalent.

Fork-tailed Bush Katydid

Scudderia furcata on Sumac (Rhus sp.) fruit
Camera settings: f/11, 1/25 sec., ISO-640, 234 mm focal length equivalent.

I was so glad to get this guy identified. Thanks goes to the folks on BugGuide. I had a pretty decent field guide, but still couldn’t get to the species. It turns out this species is known for having populations that are predominantly pink, red, or brown in color, which is unusual in the katydid family. Casey and I found three individuals that were this color in a sand prairie/savanna in southeastern Missouri last September.

Scudderia furcata
Camera settings: f/14, 1/100 sec., ISO-640, 234 mm focal length equivalent.


Hummingbird Clearwing

Camera settings: f/7.1, 1/1600 sec., ISO-640, 520mm focal length equivalent.

From a WGNSS Nature Photography Group outing from last July at Shaw Nature Reserve, here are some images of a Hummingbird Clearwing (Hemaris thysbe) as it foraged among blooming Garden Phlox (Phlox paniculata).

Camera settings: f/8, 1/1250 sec., ISO-640, 520mm focal length equivalent.
Camera settings: f/8, 1/1250 sec., ISO-640, 520mm focal length equivalent.
Camera settings: f/8, 1/1250 sec., ISO-640, 520mm focal length equivalent.

More from the 2019 Rut

I was mostly pleased with the images made from my first real attempt at photographing the white-tailed deer rut last year. Here are a few more I thought worthy of sharing.

Late in the day, with the sun below the horizon, this buck finally crossed the field and wound up incredibly close to where I was hidden.
This forky is checking the morning air, likely trying to tell if a receptive female is nearby.
This spike buck followed the larger buck, attempting to spar.
Mom with her two fawns. Miguel and I were happy to be able to fool this attentive doe. The does are always the ones who discover us first.
I was not hidden during this one, just walking about and found these three browsing on a hillside.
We haven’t been able to get close enough to the really large and older bucks, like this ‘wide – 8’. Hopefully next year.
We were hitting the estrus bleats so well that bucks were lining up to get a look at us. However, these two were not in an optimal shooting lane.
I would really like to know this guy’s breeding success rate. A large-bodied buck with a relatively small rack.
This guy was seriously trying to find the source of the bleating doe, running back and forth in front of our position. Sucker.
This young spike buck was one of our first targets of the season.
A better look at the buck in the neighborhood who I shot from my back patio.

Great Grey Owl – The Hunt

GGOW – Locked on target.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 445 mm focal length equivalent

During December of 2019, Miguel, Dave and I were fortunate to have this Great Grey Owl successfully hunt and ingest a vole along the roadside in the Sax-Zim Bog. Here is what portions of the sequence I was able to capture.

GGOW – Locked on target.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 445 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – Immediately after capture.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 640 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – With prey.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 278 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – Check out feathered legs.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 278 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – Always head first.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 278 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – Down the hatch.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 278 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – Down the hatch.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 278 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – Down the hatch.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 278 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – All gone.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 278 mm focal length equivalent
GGOW – Back to the hunt.
f/5.6, 1/320 sec., ISO-2000, 480 mm focal length equivalent


Photographing the White-tailed Deer Rut

This post is a modified article that was originally published in the Webster Groves Nature Study Society’s journal, Nature Notes (February, 2020, Vol. 92, No. 2).

The alarm on the phone sounds off at 4:00 am. You have a quick, light breakfast but no coffee. Making moves required during the act of recycling that coffee would be detrimental to your goals this morning. You’ve packed the car the night before, so you simply need to wash your face and throw on the required number of layers it will take to stay warm enough during your several hours sit. This requires some critical thought as morning temperatures during the rut can often be in the teens or twenties.

You arrive at the site by 5:30 am and are under cover at your pre-scouted location by 6:15 am — first light. Sunrise and the golden-hour will come in about 30 minutes. You picked this location due to heavy deer traffic signified by sign such as tracks and scat, scrapes and rubs. You put your back to the rising sun to take advantage of the beautiful golden-hour light that will be splashed across the scene. You also considered the potential background for your photos. You made sure there is plenty of space between your subjects and a natural, potentially autumn-colored background to get that creamy, out of focus quality that helps your magnificent subject stand out. Remember, the key to improving your nature photography is to make the photo, not simply take the photo. Previsualization and planning are often critical!

Arriving prior to first light brings the best potential for being unnoticed in your blind. However, deer are often just as active at night and sometimes you may find your spot is already occupied by your subjects! Don’t worry too much; you may spook those deer out of the area, but there are plenty of others who will likely visit these hangouts before the morning is over. Where you choose to photograph will be important in this respect. Take advantage of photographing in areas that are closed to hunting, like parks and sanctuaries. Here the deer are very accustomed to people and our scents, showing little fear. Often, during the rut, younger bucks may be curious and will move closer to you. You will typically need to work harder to get closer to the wearier does and old, veteran bucks who have been around the block a few times. In non-hunting areas, you can often get close enough to your subjects to make meaningful photographs by simply having an early-morning walk around with a longer telephoto lens (e.g. 300-600 mm focal length).

Like clockwork, at 6:30 am every morning, large flocks of blackbirds move overhead from the west, chasing the rising sun in search of feeding grounds. Photographing the rut is very similar to hunting. Deer hunters in our area typically use tree stands. This higher elevation provides advantages in being able to see greater distances, being out of direct eye-line of the deer and aids in dispersing your scent, which is frequently a give away of the pursuer. When hunting with a camera and lens, you need to stay on level ground and shoot the deer at eye level or lower.

A method Miguel Acosta and I like to use is hiding in a blind (we like the portability of ‘throw-blinds’) along well-established deer trail or nearby communal rub or scrape areas. This will require using camouflage, blinds or similar methods to break up the human form. In the types of areas described above, you need not worry too much about your scent. Deer have very strong sense of smell and in the middle of an unpopulated forest, your odors can very easily give you away. But, in areas like parks where people and deer are often found in close proximity, your own scent is less likely to alarm the deer and thereby allow you to get much closer.

Around mid-morning a Red-shouldered Hawk, perched above our location, vocalizes and a mixed-species flock of songbirds moves into our copse of trees. Since we have our large lenses, we try our hands at photographing Chickadees and Titmouse. Although scent and wind direction may not play an important role in this setting, being quiet is important for getting those close and intimate shots. I recommend doing everything you can to keep your noise to a minimum. Try and chose gear without Velcro or other noisy fasteners. Keep your voices to a minimum and try not to move frequently. If available on your camera, choose the “silent shutter” setting. Many dSLR cameras have this setting that lowers the volume of the mirror flapping. Consequently, this will lower the frame rate of the camera, but this is preferable to spooking your subjects before you get your shots. New mirrorless cameras lack the mirror box of their older brethren and can shoot very quietly at high frame rates.

Later in the morning I awake from a nap to the sound of Wild Turkeys vocalizing. I quickly realize that a small flock have wandered near our location and Miguel is offering them some verbal enticement to come a little closer to our shooting lane. It didn’t work, but the fact they were within ten yards of our location offers further proof that our blinds and technique work to get us closer to wild animals. Until recently, I had never given our North American game species much thought as a subject of natural history study. I’m sure that not growing up as a hunter or outdoorsman has had an influence on this. Over the past couple of years, I have fallen hook, line and sinker into learning everything I can about white-tailed deer and finding ways to best capture them with the camera. Miguel and I have much to learn and we are eager in making more photographs, capturing their different behaviors and at different times of the year.

For recommended reading about the rut and other aspects of the lives of white-tailed deer, I recommend reading any books you can find by authors Leonard Lee Rue III and Mark Raycroft.

For those just getting into photographing the rut, grabbing your camera and walking around the right park can yield some satisfying results. Photo by Bill Duncan.
It was once believed that spike bucks were always the young bucks of the year. Now most believe that genetics and nutrition play major roles in antler development. Photo by Miguel Acosta.
Most of the bucks that came near our blind were likely 1.5-years old. This bruiser, despite his relatively weak rack is likely older than this. Photo by Miguel Acosta.
A cleared patch of ground known as a ‘scrape.’ Urinating and depositing materials from different scent glands, deer use these as informational signposts. Photo by Bill Duncan.
Antler rubs are also important means of communication by bucks. Setting up near active rubs and scrapes can be very productive when hunting deer with camera or weapon. Photo by Bill Duncan.
This inquisitive buck, that I have taken to calling “Bright Eyes”, is often available for posing for our cameras. Here you can see him using his most important sensory organ, trying to figure out the strange scents coming from our direction. Photo by Miguel Acosta.
During the rut, bucks will often increase their typical home range. In mid-November, this buck was found just outside the author’s back door. Photo by Bill Duncan.
Even the little guys get worked up during the rut, trying at every opportunity. This doe, however, wants nothing to do with this pathetic creature. Photo by Bill Duncan.
Photographing in a blind can be a great way at getting much closer to your subject. At times we wondered if the deer might walk over top of us! Photo by Bill Duncan.
Whether you hunt with a weapon or camera, all hunters are looking for their own particular trophy. Photo by Bill Duncan.